Maintaining a high level of labor safety and protecting the health of employees is one of the key management tasks, especially in enterprises specializing in the production sector. Additional legal requirements in this direction are imposed by the state control bodies. To ensure safety standards, an enterprise can independently develop an appropriate system of standards, taking into account the specifics of production processes, or use a ready-made solution by integrating it into the existing control system.

The OHSAS 18000 system of standards is a generally accepted international standard that describes the mechanism of professional safety management, which allows the complex management of possible risks in this area. The appearance of this system has allowed to eliminate the differences in the legislation of different countries that control this field of activity.

The purpose of the OHSAS 18000 certification

By conducting certification of industrial safety OHSAS 18000 the enterprise management solves following problems:

Bringing the existing safety rules to the norms approved at the state level while simultaneously adopting the best international experience;

Declaration of the management's commitment to work safety in relation to persons (shareholders, trade unions, customers) who are interested in the activities of the company;

Increase the investment attractiveness of the company by reducing occupational risks;

Reduction of current expenses for ensuring the safety of working conditions and compliance with the rules of regulatory bodies;

Improving competitiveness, increasing the number of loyal customers, attracting new business partners.

As practice has shown, optimization of the management system in the sphere of occupational safety positively affects labor productivity, allows to reduce the number of idle production capacities, reduces the number of accidents. The qualitative implementation of standards, carried out through a comprehensive certification of the professional safety management system, leads to the formation of a self-regulatory system that flexibly adapts to the new requirements of regulatory bodies and organizational changes that arise after the introduction of new production technologies.

The history of the creation and development of OHSAS 18000

Until 1999, there were no universally recognized norms and requirements relating to occupational safety management systems. Nevertheless, specialized organizations specializing in industrial safety management felt an urgent need to create uniform rules operating at the international level. The corresponding demand arose among industrialists, industrial associations, TNCs, which had their own units in many countries of the world. At that time, SMPBiT norms were regulated by national standards and could differ significantly. The resulting discrepancies led to the emergence of bureaucratic barriers that complicated international trade.

In 1999 and 2000, the Requirements (OHSAS 18001) and the Guidelines (OHSAS 18002) to the Occupational Safety Management System were developed accordingly. Authorship of the concept belongs to the BritishStandardsInstitute - the largest developer of standards today, covering the most relevant aspects of the world economy: from the protection of intellectual property rights to detailed technical specifications. The modern version of the OHSAS standard was approved in 2007, including a number of important additions. On the territory of the Russian Federation, the standard came into force in 2009, replacing the national standard GOST R 12.0.006-2002.

OHSAS 18000 concept

When creating the OHSAS 18000, a model for continuous process improvement, also called the PDCA Cycle, was given a fundamental role. This concept has already been used to develop the ISO 14001 standard for environmental safety. The advantage of models based on the PDCA cycle is the ability to effectively manage various aspects of a particular activity at the system level.

The essence of the concept is reflected in 14 principles, formulated by one of its authors Edward Deming. One of the key principles is the need to constantly and purposefully improve the quality of the finished product. If we transfer this thesis to the sphere of occupational safety: the enterprise undertakes not only to adhere to established standards, but also to constantly improve and improve working conditions.

The purpose of creating a new standard is to summarize the international experience of management in the field of labor protection. In addition to monitoring the current level of safety, the concept emphasizes the direct relationship between the health of employees, the number of cases of occupational diseases and the economic costs of the enterprise and the economy as a whole.

The developers of the OHSAS 18000 standard paid special attention to the specifics of the national legislation regulating the sphere of labor protection in this or that country. This means that when developing a management system designed for an individual enterprise, the provisions of the standard and the norms of national legislation should complement each other, rather than introduce contradictions. In the long term, the widespread dissemination of the OHSAS 18000 standard will lead to the harmonization of legislation at the international level.

Universality OHSAS 18001 allows to implement the norms of this standard within the company with the organizational structure of any complexity, regardless of the area of ​​its specialization. There are no restrictions on the application of the standard, enterprises of any industry can freely use it. If the company has previously implemented ISO 9001 quality control standards or ISO 14001 environmental standards, it will not be a hindrance either, because the similarity of the concepts of these standards allows their joint integration.

The OHSAS 18000 series of standards includes:

The management system OHSAS 18001. With its help, a preliminary determination of the requirements on the basis of which the management of the enterprise can develop a single policy and targets regulated by the standard and national legislation is carried out.

The OHSAS 18002 manual. Contains a number of supporting norms that contribute to the optimization of the existing OSH system, taking into account previously fixed indicators and targets. This manual does not affect the scope of production and quality control of products and services, focusing on the prevention of occupational diseases, work-related injuries, etc.

Sequence of stages of implementation of OHSAS 18001

The certification process includes a number of preparatory activities designed to identify possible risks in the field of occupational safety and to develop measures to improve the existing system. Schematically, the sequence of implementation of OHSAS 18001 can be divided into the following stages:

Complex diagnostics of the current state of the OSH management system at the enterprise with the involvement of the company's responsible specialists;

Training of company employees on the general principles of the OHSAS 18001 standard, with emphasis on items relating to areas of their immediate specialization;

Identification of potential risks in the field of occupational safety, their identification and their division into categories according to the level of danger and probability of occurrence;

Appointment of responsible persons in whose job descriptions there will be points concerning management and control of risks related to occupational safety;

Preparation of accompanying documentation;

Change in the organizational and production structure of the enterprise, taking into account the new standards. Realization of monitoring, operational control and internal audit functions of the current level of professional security.

Pre-certification audit of the enterprise, conducted to check its readiness for the certification procedure. In the case of revealing obvious discrepancies, appropriate corrective actions are taken, and preventive measures are developed to counteract the further occurrence of this kind of inconsistency.

After passing the preliminary training and assessing the degree of compliance of the OSH management system with the norms of the standard, the company receives the OHSAS 18001 certificate for a period of 3 years. During this period, the certification body that issued the document will conduct periodic checks of workplaces to ensure compliance with standards.

OHSAS 18001 is most often approached by representatives of companies whose activities are associated with a risk of emergencies that could adversely affect the life and health of employees. In addition to manufacturing companies (chemical, metallurgical, engineering), certification is carried out at transport and construction enterprises. The receipt of the OHSAS 18001 certificate indicates that the company carefully monitors critical production factors and provides employees with an appropriate level of protection.