The documentary evidence for which the general term "Safety Justification" was introduced is a set of operational, design, technological information about the means of production (equipment, machines, machines, etc.) for which an analysis of the possible risks and available measures for the production Safety before direct use.
This analysis covers all stages of the life cycle of equipment, as well as data on its condition after major repairs. The justification for the safety of machinery and equipment has a similar regulation as the "TechnicalFile" - a document that has been in force since 2006 in the territory of the EU member states.
The application of the justification is conditioned by the need to introduce an effective mechanism for regulating the existing safety standards, in particular for innovative equipment. With its help, the design features of the equipment are determined, which should be taken into account in the derivation of new equipment for which the relevant standards have not yet been developed, to the market.
Who develops the SJ
This document is mandatory for the certification of compliance of industrial equipment. The corresponding requirement is specified in the Technical Regulations of the Customs Union (Article 4, paragraph 7). The original rationale shall be kept by the equipment developer, and copies shall be provided to organizations directly using the equipment in production.
The current regulations stipulate that the development of the Safety Justification should be entrusted to the equipment designer. The organization-developer can engage in the creation of design and operational documentation, involving both own and non-staff specialists.
Contents ABOUT
Based on the features of the produced equipment, the developer independently determines which sections should be included in the Industrial Safety Rationale. If circumstances so require, the composition of sections may be supplemented with more detailed subsections, individual sections may be excluded from the document or combined. The list of required sections is as follows:
Basic technical characteristics of equipment;
The basic principles of ensuring safety, taken into account at the design stage;
Requirements for reliability parameters;
Calculated operational risk;
Requirements for service personnel and direct users of equipment;
Principles of safety and quality management during operation;
Rules related to environmental protection, operating during the implementation of equipment, operating period, during disposal;
Requirements for the accumulation of data necessary for the analysis of the level of safety at all stages of the use of technology.
Introduction to the Rationale for Industrial Safety and General Principles
The very first section (Introduction) contains information taken from the equipment data sheet, technical specifications and other documents and regulations related to the supervised technical products. If the equipment passed through the certification procedure, the necessary information can be copied from the passport forms compiled in accordance with GOST R 541122-2010.
In the section on general principles of safety, the methods by which the product designers guided the development of the Safety Justification are indicated. It is necessary to list the documents regulating the scope of the equipment, provide documented calculations related to security. Also indicate the design measures affecting the passive safety (the maximum level of load capacity, the permitted working area, the protective devices involved, etc.).
Shelf life

The Technical Regulations of the Customs Union specify that a declaration of compliance and all related documents must be kept for ten years after the expiration of its validity. Thus, the Safety Justification covered by this rule should also be kept for ten years. If the designer or the company operating the equipment can not provide the package of documents to the state supervisory authority on the first demand, the organization will be fined.